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Grammar – Part 2 – the Past.  Recapitulation:  Past Simple – Verleden tijd -> simpele vorm: I worked/he worked. Gebruik nooit een –s in de verleden.

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Presentatie over: "Grammar – Part 2 – the Past.  Recapitulation:  Past Simple – Verleden tijd -> simpele vorm: I worked/he worked. Gebruik nooit een –s in de verleden."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 Grammar – Part 2 – the Past

2  Recapitulation:  Past Simple – Verleden tijd -> simpele vorm: I worked/he worked. Gebruik nooit een –s in de verleden tijd.  Examples:  ‘We went out for a drink last night’  Vorm: hele werkwoord + -ed bij regelmatige werkwoorden zoals [I play -> I played] maar bij onregelmatige werkwoorden eigen unieke vorm [I teach -> I taught]  Echter, in vraagzinnen en ontkennende zinnen gebruik v/h hulpwerkwoord ‘did’. N.B. -> na hulpwerkwoord ‘did’ altijd het hele w.w. gebruiken!

3  John wrote an yesterday  Key Words Past Simple!  Time references:  - yesterday  - last week, last year, last month, last Christmas, etc.  - in 2004, in 1969, etc.  - two weeks ago, 4 years ago, etc.  - na: ‘when’  * Gebruik:  - Als iets in het verleden plaatsvond en afgelopen is!  - Wanneer aangegeven is WANNEER iets is gebeurd [yesterday, last week, see other keywords above]  - wanneer de zin begint met ‘when’, bijna altijd Past  Simple [“when I was young”, “when did you go home?”]  Dus: N-E “hij heeft vorige week een brief geschreven” = “he  wrote a letter last week”.

4  Past Continuous – verleden tijd -> I was working/you were working  *Examples:  - ‘They were listening to a new song when I rang’  - ‘Look at this photo: the sun was shining that day!’  - ‘Were you doing your homework while I was chatting online?’  Vorm:  Was/were+ hele w.w. + ing-vorm  Bij vragende vorm en ontkennende vorm was/were + not + ing-vorm (omdat ‘to be’ al functioneert als een hulpwerkwoord en dus niet nog eens ‘do’ als hulpwerkwoord nodig heeft)

5  1. John was writing an while his father came home  2.John was writing an when his father came home  3.John was writing an as his father came home  Keywords Past Continuous:  -while -when [N.B. ‘when’ is dus ook een sleutelwoord v/d Past Continuous maar komt dan voor in een zin met de Past Continuous EN de Past Simple en wordt dan ook weer opgevolgd door de Past Simple [see example 2 above -> came]  -as  *Gebruik:  - als iets in het verleden enige tijd voortduurde  Examples: As I was crossing the street, I fell and broke my leg.  What were you doing when the thieves came into your house?

6  NOTA BENE!  De zogenaamde ‘state verbs’, gezien in de Present Continuous worden ook niet in de Past Continuous gebruikt.  -Je zegt dus niet: I was understanding en ook niet I was hating, etc

7  1. She said that she (drive) at 30 k.p.h. When the dog suddenly (cross) the road.  2. When we arrived they (had) lunch. They apologized for starting without us but said that they always (to have lunch) at  3. She said that she (hate) her present job and (try) to find another.  4. She (say) that she (knit) herself a jumper and that she (think) it would be ready before Christmas.  5. It (snow) and cars (slide) all over the road.  6. While I (sunbathe) someone (take) my shoes and I (have to) walk home on my bare feet.

8  7. They had turned the bike upside down and (mend) the puncture. I asked how long it would take.  8. The killer (carry) the body down the stairs when all of a sudden he (hear) a key in the front door.  9. While the guests (eat) , burglars (enter) the house and (steal) a lot of fur coats.  10. She (sit) at the bus stop. I asked her which bus she (wait) for.  11. The car was empty but the engine (run)

9  Key to answers:  1. was driving / crossed  2. were having / had lunch  3. hated / was trying  4. was knitting / thought  5. was snowing / were sliding  6. was sunbathing / took / I had to  7. were mending  8. was carrying / heard  9. were eating / entered / stole  10. was sitting / was waiting for  11. was running


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