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Let me tell you about... (De Voltooid Tegenwoordige Tijd)

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Presentatie over: "Let me tell you about... (De Voltooid Tegenwoordige Tijd)"— Transcript van de presentatie:

1

2 Let me tell you about...

3 (De Voltooid Tegenwoordige Tijd)

4 De PRESENT PERFECT wordt gevormd door: Let me tell you about... have/hasvoltooid deelwoord+ I have You have Hehas Shehas Ithas We have You have They have

5 Explanation in Dutch 1: Hij woont al 20 jaar in Vlaardingen. He has lived in Vlaardingen for 20 years. B. als er iets gebeurd is waarvan je nu het resultaat ziet. Er staat niet bij wanneer het gebeurd is, bijv.: De Present Perfect gebruik je: Let me tell you about... A. als iets in het verleden begon en nog niet voorbij is, bijv.: Sorry voor de rommel. Ik heb mijn fiets gerepareerd. Sorry for the mess. I have repaired my bike.

6 Explanation in Dutch 2: De Present Perfect gebruik je NIET: Let me tell you about... C. als er bij staat wanneer het gebeurd is, want dan gebruik je de Past Simple. Gisteren heeft het gesneeuwd. = Yesterday it snowed. (er staat WEL bij wanneer het heeft gesneeuwd)  DUS: Het heeft gesneeuwd. = It has snowed. (er staat NIET bij wanneer het heeft gesneeuwd)  MAAR:

7 1. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He has lost his key. 2. Are Harry & Sally here? No, they have gone out. 3. The road is closed. There has been an accident. 4. Ow! I’ve cut my finger! 5. The police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery. Exercise 1: Find the verbs in the Present Perfect (Zoek de werkwoorden die in de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd staan.) Let me tell you about...

8 1. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it. He has lost his key. 2. Are Harry & Sally here? No, they have gone out. 3. The road is closed. There has been an accident. 4. Ow! I’ve cut my finger! 5. The police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery. Let me tell you about... Check your answers: (Controleer je antwoorden)

9 RULE 1: Regular verbs The Present Perfect ends in -ed:  I work in a travel agency now. Before that I …………………………… in a shop for two years.  We ……………………… here since  The car ……… just ………………, its engine is still running. have worked have lived hasstopped Let me tell you about...

10 Regular verbs - Spelling rules Als het hele werkwoord eindigt op: A. medeklinker +y? Dan verandert de -y in -ied. Example: Today I study. Yesterday I studied. B. medeklinker waar een korte beklemtoonde klinker voor staat? Dan wordt de medeklinker verdubbeld. Example: Today I stop. Yesterday I stopped. C. stomme -e? Deze -e valt weg de uitgang -ed wordt toegevoegd. Example: Today I like you. Yesterday I liked you. Let me tell you about...

11 A. medeklinker +y? Dan verandert de -y in -ied. B. medeklinker waar een korte beklemtoonde klinker voor staat? Dan wordt de medeklinker verdubbeld. C. stomme -e? Deze -e valt weg de uitgang -ed wordt toegevoegd. Exercise 2: Find 5 examples of A, B & C and write them in your notebook. (Vind 5 voorbeelden van A,B & C en schrijf ze in je schrift) Let me tell you about...

12 RULE 2: Irregular verbs Many verbs are. Then the Present Perfect does not end in -ed. forget see go He told me his name but I it. I him lately. Jim is on holiday. He to Italy. Examples:    have forgotten haven’t seen has gone irregular Let me tell you about...

13 List of irregular verbs Example: NED ENG PAST SIMPLEPERFECT 1zijnbe was/werehave been 2buigenbend benthave bent 3beginnenbegin beganhave begun Click here for a complete list in WORD Let me tell you about...

14 Questions In questions we let the subject and have/has change positions. Example: go Normal: I have gone on holiday. Question: Have I gone on holiday? ? ? ? ? ? Let me tell you about...

15 Negatives In negatives we just put ‘not’ between have/has and the perfect. Example: go Normal:I have gone on holiday. Negative:I haven’t gone on holiday. ! ! ! ! ! Let me tell you about...

16 SO AFFIRMATIVE QUESTION NEGATIVE I have worked Have I worked I haven’t worked She has seen Has she seen? She hasn’t seen They have gone Have they gone? They haven’t gone Exercise 3: Now try to make 5 examples yourself and write them in your notebook. (Maak zelf 5 voorbeelden en schrijf ze in je schrift) Let me tell you about...

17 Exercise 4: Make 6 sentences with the Present Perfect of the following verbs: (Maak 6 zinnen met de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd van de volgende werkwoorden) begin / choose / take / go / drive / eat Example: I have begun to do my homework but I haven’t finished yet. begin: Let me tell you about...

18 Exercise 5: Make questions of these 6 sentences (Maak nu vragen van deze 6 zinnen) Example: Question:Have I begun to do my homework? I have begun to do my homework. Let me tell you about...

19 Exercise 6: Make negatives of the 6 sentences you made in exercise 3. (Maak de 6 zinnen van oefening 3 negatief) Example: Negative:I haven’t begun to do my homework. I have begun to do my homework. Let me tell you about...

20 Yesterday it snowed / has snowed. Last year I went / have gone to England. The streets are wet. It rained / has rained. Last night we had / have had a fight in front of our house All the children are silent now. The noise stopped / has stopped. Exercise 7: Fill in the Past Simple or the Present Perfect (Vul de verleden tijd of de voltooid tegenwoordige tijd in) Let me tell you about...

21 Yesterday it snowed. Last year I went to England. The streets are wet. It has rained. Last night we had a fight in front of our house All the children are silent now. The noise has stopped. Exercise 7: The RIGHT answers! Let me tell you about...

22 Useful WEBSITES for extra information and lots of exercises... Let me tell you about...

23 And now you know something about... … don’t you?


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