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GepubliceerdLander Coppens Laatst gewijzigd meer dan 8 jaar geleden
The Passive De lijdende vorm in het Engels, lastiger, en helaas meer gebruikt dan in het Nederlands
Hoe maak je the Passive? Je zet het lijdend voorwerp voorop.
Je voegt een vorm van ‘to be’ toe. Het hoofdwerkwoord wordt volt. dw. Soms krijg je een bepaling die begint met ‘by’.
Een voorbeeld John washes the car every week.
washes = ott dus gebruiken we de ott van be. the car = lijdend voorwerp, dat zetten we voorop. The car is washed (by John) every week.
The present ( ott) Jimmy buys a new car every year.
A new car is bought by Jimmy every year. He is washing the car at the moment. The car is being washed at the moment.
De mogelijkheden van the present
am is + voltooid deelwoord are is being + volt. dw.
The past (ovt) He sold the house a few weeks ago.
The house was sold a few weeks ago. They were showing a new movie. A new movie was being shown.
De mogelijkheden van the past
was were + voltooid deelwoord were being + volt. dw.
The perfect (vtt + vvt) He has read the new Harry Potter.
The new Harry Potter has been read. They had told us the story before. The story had been told to us before.
De mogelijkheden van the perfect
has have + been + volt. dw. had + been + volt. dw.
The future (ottt) en andere hulpww
He will tell us the story tomorrow. The story will be told to us tomorrow. She can teach English in Sleeuwijk. English can be taught in Sleeuwijk.
De mogelijkheden met hulpww
shall/should will/would can/could + be+ volt. dw. must
Some practice Johnny is using a new computer game.
A new computer game is being used. Karen reads Animal Farm. Animal Farm is read by Karen.
They have sold 20 lottery tickets.
20 lottery tickets have been sold. We will always tell the truth. The truth will always be told. They published 500 books last year. 500 books were published last year.
Different practice The news ____ (tell) at school yesterday.
Trainers __ mostly ____ (buy) by teenagers. Drugs _______ (take) by more and more young people in the future. The new magazine __ just _____ (sell) out Lies ___ often ___ (tell) out of fear. was told are bought will be taken has been sold are told
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