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What is Podoconiosis? - 1 Non-infectious elephantiasis (“swelling of limb like an elephant’s”) caused by long term exposure of bare feet to irritant soil.

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Presentatie over: "What is Podoconiosis? - 1 Non-infectious elephantiasis (“swelling of limb like an elephant’s”) caused by long term exposure of bare feet to irritant soil."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 What is Podoconiosis? - 1 Non-infectious elephantiasis (“swelling of limb like an elephant’s”) caused by long term exposure of bare feet to irritant soil. The most neglected tropical disease?

2 What is podoconiosis? (1) Non-filarial elephantiasis Non-infectious Caused by long term exposure of bare feet to irritant soil The most neglected tropical disease?

3 What is podoconiosis? (2) ‘Gene + soil exposure = disease’ Susceptible people who go barefoot have high risk

4 Differential diagnosis Filarial lymphedema Asymmetrical Also upperleg (and elsewhere) Lowland

5 Why is it important in Ethiopia? At least one million people affected in Ethiopia 5% prevalence in areas of irritant soil & subsistence farming Profound social stigma

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7 Countries where podoconiosis is endemic or has been described. Deribe K, Tomczyk S, Tekola-Ayele F (2013) Ten Years of Podoconiosis Research in Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7(10): e2301. doi: /journal.pntd

8 Podoconiosis: an issue across tropical Africa Other countries known to be affected: Uganda Kenya Tanzania Rwanda Congo (east) Cameroon (north-west)

9 What can be done about podoconiosis? Podoconiosis is Preventable (if shoes are worn consistently) Treatable (using good foot hygiene, bandages, socks and shoes) People with podoconiosis can return to a full role in society.

10 Prevention To PREVENT podoconiosis education through schools, kebeles, churches, mosques, events from young childhood: shoes

11 What is Podoconiosis? - 1 Non-infectious elephantiasis (“swelling of limb like an elephant’s”) caused by long term exposure of bare feet to irritant soil. The most neglected tropical disease?

12 Treatment To TREAT people with podoconiosis foot hygiene, soap, antiseptic, ointment, pressure bandages, socks and shoes different clinics different programs

13 Foot Hygiene Wash feet with soap and soak in clean, cool water with antiseptic berekina (bleach), aceto, eucalyptus, neem, gentianviolet,salt which is the best antiseptic/antifungal ?????

14 Skin care

15 Medische behandeling Antibiotica: alleen bij erysipelas Chirurgie: alleen evt. nodulectomie (dun-gesteelde noduli : afbinden)

16 Elevation & Movement Ankle circles & calf raises to improve lymphatic circulation Raise end of bed with a brick Elevate leg on small stool when sitting

17 Zwachtels/kousen Doel: in sokken/schoenen passen Patientenselectie: schoon, moeten schoenen (kunnen) dragen moeten het zelf kunnen/willen doen wegdrukbaar oedeem? Instructie: startmeting, maandelijks vervolgen moet strak voelen, geen pijn voor de nacht af, voor de dag om bij problemen (pijn) onmiddellijk af en retour kliniek

18 Zwachtels? Ethiopische zwachtels (firma Asmi): te veel stretch, maar toch wel resultaat duur: € 3,32 per 4 (1 persoon) nog niet in Nekemte? Nederlandse zwachtels: nadeel: persoonlijke import, te weinig voordeel: “gratis” juxta fit/lite: makkelijk??

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23 Simple Treatment is Effective Before After

24 Summary Podoconiosis is NOT INFECTIOUS – no virus, bacterium or parasite is responsible Podoconiosis is PREVENTABLE – by avoiding contact with irritant soil, primarily by wearing shoes Podoconiosis is TREATABLE – using simple measures, for which patients can take responsibility

25 Simple Treatment is Effective Before After


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