De presentatie wordt gedownload. Even geduld aub

De presentatie wordt gedownload. Even geduld aub

Samenhang in het bèta-onderwijs: een overzicht Harrie Eijkelhof Freudenthal Instituut voor didactiek van wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen (Fisme) Faculteit.

Verwante presentaties


Presentatie over: "Samenhang in het bèta-onderwijs: een overzicht Harrie Eijkelhof Freudenthal Instituut voor didactiek van wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen (Fisme) Faculteit."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 Samenhang in het bèta-onderwijs: een overzicht Harrie Eijkelhof Freudenthal Instituut voor didactiek van wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen (Fisme) Faculteit Bètawetenschappen, UU

2 Wat pleit tegen vakkenintegratie? ‘Grammar of schooling’ (Venville et al., 2002): Identiteit van de docenten Kennis van de docenten Communities van docenten Geschiedenis van de vakken Examentradities Inhoudsgerichte examenprogramma’s en syllabi Status van de vakken Relatie met beroepsverenigingen 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder2

3 Wat pleit voor vakkenintegratie? (1) Veel verschijnselen passen niet in één discipline Afzonderlijke vakken: Dragen bij aan onrealistische beelden van disciplines Beperken het denken van leerlingen:  Vervreemden leerlingen van ervaringen in het dagelijks leven Leerlingen blijken sterk geïnteresseerd in het aanpakken van vraagstukken waar meerdere vakken bij betrokken zijn 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder3

4 Wat pleit voor vakkenintegratie? (2) Opleidingen in het hoger onderwijs zijn vaak interdisciplinair, bijv.: *Cognitive neuroscience *Forensic science *Environmental science *Drug innovation *Molecular life sciences *Biomedical science *Science and business *Marine technology *Human technology interaction *Bioinformatics 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder4

5 Wat pleit voor vakkenintegratie? (3) Veel vraagstellingen in (toegepast) onderzoek vereisen een interdisciplinaire aanpak: Levensprocessen Zelfhelende materialen: Asphaltic materials Paints and other coatings Bio-inspired technical materialsStructural polymers Cementitious materials Composites and hybrids Systeem aarde: geoscience, climate and ocean science Nanomaterialen Bio- en medische technologie Ontwikkeling van persoonsgerichte medicijnen De industrie vraagt om ‘T-shaped persons’ 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder5

6 A T-shaped person? 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder6

7 T-shaped persons? 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder7

8 T-shaped persons The concept ‘T-shaped persons’ is a metaphor used in job recruitment to describe the abilities of persons in the workforce. Vertical bar: the depth of related skills and expertise in a single field. Horizontal bar: the ability to collaborate across disciplines with experts in other areas and to apply knowledge in areas of expertise other than one's own; this requires empathy and enthusiasm about other people’s disciplines. (Tim Brown, IDEO CEO, 2010 ) 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder8

9 Drie soorten vakkenintegratie Multidisciplinair: Leerlingen moeten veelal zelf de verbindingen leggen tussen de vakgebieden Interdisciplinair: Onderwerpen worden in context aangeboden en de verbindingen tussen kennisgebieden worden voor leerlingen expliciet gemaakt Transdisciplinair: Reële contexten staan centraal, vakdisciplines blijven impliciet bij het bestuderen van onderwerpen 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder9

10 Buitenlandse voorbeelden ( ) Science in Society (UK, ASE; >1977; leeftijd 16-18) Schools Council Integrated Science Project: Patterns (UK; 1969/75; leeftijd 13-15) FUSE (US; Center for Unified Science Education; > 1968; leeftijd 5-18) 27 September 201RME Conference Boulder10

11 Recent voorbeeld: China (Sun, Wang, Xie & Boon, 2013) 2004: integrated science curriculum in junior high schools in de provincies Hubei, Hunan and Shanghai 2009: terug naar afzonderlijke schoolvakken vanwege: Docenten: gebrek aan inhoudelijke kennis, moeilijk balans te vinden, niet voorbereid Schoolboeken: gebrek aan goed materiaal Toetsen: niet geïntegreerd Ouders: tegendruk 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder11

12 Recent voorbeeld: Twenty First Century Science (UK)(1) a suite of GCSE (age 14-16) science courses being taught in around 1000 schools in England and Wales developed in collaboration with teachers, schools and colleges the suite develops the scientific literacy of citizens and prepares those young people who opt for it for more advanced studies in science Robin Millar (2006), IJSE, 28, 13, September 2013RME Conference Boulder12

13 Twenty First Century Science (UK)(2) GCSE Science - This course is not only about 'what we know' but also about 'how we know' and 'why knowing these things is important'. Students learn about the science that dominates public debates and touches everybody’s lives: such as genetics, air quality, earth and space, climate change, and vaccination. 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder13

14 Twenty First Century Science (UK)(2) GCSE Science - This course is not only about 'what we know' but also about 'how we know' and 'why knowing these things is important'. Students learn about the science that dominates public debates and touches everybody’s lives: such as genetics, air quality, earth and space, climate change, and vaccination. GCSE Additional Science – This is a concept-led course to meet the needs of students seeking a deeper understanding of basic scientific ideas. The topics in this course complement those in the GCSE Science course, and together these courses prepare students for progression in the sciences in senior high school. 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder14

15 Twenty First Century Science (UK)(2) GCSE Science - This course is not only about 'what we know' but also about 'how we know' and 'why knowing these things is important'. Students learn about the science that dominates public debates and touches everybody’s lives: such as genetics, air quality, earth and space, climate change, and vaccination. GCSE Additional Science – This is a concept-led course to meet the needs of students seeking a deeper understanding of basic scientific ideas. The topics in this course complement those in the GCSE Science course, and together these courses prepare students for progression in the sciences in senior high school. GCSE Additional Applied Science – This course meets the needs of students who wish to develop their understanding through authentic, work-related contexts. The course focuses on procedural and technical knowledge underpinning the work of practitioners of science. 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder15

16 Enkele recente voorbeelden in NL ANW SONATE-project ( ) Salvo-project (sinds 2003): voorbeeldmateriaal voor wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen voor onder- en bovenbouw VO 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder16

17 6 September 2013ESERA 2013, Nicosia (Cyprus) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Created in 1997 by OECD Aim: to monitor outcomes of educational systems in terms of student achievement Age 15 Surveys every 3 years since 2000, in reading, mathematical and scientific literacy 2000 reading, math, science[43] 2003 reading, math, science[41] 2006 reading, math, science[57] 2009 reading, math, science[65] 2012 reading, math, science[65] 2015 reading, math, science[?? ] 17

18 PISA 2015 Scientific Literacy Framework 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder18

19 PISA 2015 Scientific competencies 1. Explain phenomena scientifically 2. Evaluate and design scientific enquiry 3. Interpret data and evidence scientifically 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder19

20 ESERA 2013, Nicosia (Cyprus) PISA 2015 Contexts PersonalLocal/NationalGlobal HealthMaintenance of health, accidents, nutrition Control of disease, social transmission, food choices, community health Epidemics, spread of infectious diseases Natural ResourcesPersonal consumption of materials and energy Maintenance of human populations, quality of life, security, production and distribution of food, energy supply Renewable and non- renewable natural systems, population growth, sustainable use of species Environmental QualityEnvironmentally friendly actions, use and disposal of materials and devices Population distribution, disposal of waste, environmental impact Biodiversity, ecological sustainability, control of pollution, production and loss of soil/biomass HazardsNatural and human-induced decisions about housing Rapid changes [earthquakes, severe weather], slow and progressive changes [coastal erosion, sedimentation], risk assessment Climate change, impact of modern warfare Frontiers of Science and TechnologyScientific aspects of hobbies, personal technology, music and sporting activities New materials, devices and processes, genetic modifications, health technology, transport Extinction of species, exploration of space, origin and structure of the Universe 6 September

21 6 September 2013ESERA 2013, Nicosia (Cyprus) Scientific knowledge in PISA 2015 Of science: Physical systems Living systems Earth and space systems About science: Procedural knowledge: variables, measurement, replicability, representing data, control of variables Epistemic knowledge: purposes, nature, values, justification, errors, collaboration and critique 21

22 Recent example in US: Framework for K-12 Science Education (NRC, 2012) Proposal to integrate in science standards:  Core ideas (disciplinary knowledge)  Science, Technology and Engineering practices: e.g. asking questions and defining problems, construction explanations, engaging in argument from evidence  Crosscutting concepts: e.g. patterns; scale, proportion and quantity; systems and system models; stability and change Some links with mathematics in practices: using mathematics and computational thinking 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder22

23 The three spheres of activity for scientists and engineers in F K-12 SE 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder23

24 Mijn visie op samenhang Belang Balans Onderwijsdoelen Veel varianten mogelijk Pragmatisch handelen 6 September 2013ESERA 2013, Nicosia (Cyprus)24

25 Some references 27 September 2013RME Conference Boulder25


Download ppt "Samenhang in het bèta-onderwijs: een overzicht Harrie Eijkelhof Freudenthal Instituut voor didactiek van wiskunde en natuurwetenschappen (Fisme) Faculteit."

Verwante presentaties


Ads door Google