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Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 1 The Health Risks pertaining to safety / security / comfort / other health aspects.

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Presentatie over: "Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 1 The Health Risks pertaining to safety / security / comfort / other health aspects."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 1 The Health Risks pertaining to safety / security / comfort / other health aspects Class 3 of course 7y710

2 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 2 Source: Health is more than Comfort

3 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 3 From: Judith A.M. Khalil Sent: woensdag 7 september :00 Subject: FW: Photos from Hurricane Katrina Safety Natural catastrophes ?

4 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 4 A hurricane passed …

5 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 5

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9 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 9

10 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 10

11 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 11 Entire side of windows blown out, Hyatt.

12 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 12

13 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 13 Some days later dykes collapsed …

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25 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 25

26 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 26 School buses under water

27 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 27 Downtown New Orleans

28 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 28 Aerial view of New Orleans

29 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 29

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38 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 38

39 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 39

40 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 40 Safety & Security Terrorism 1.Easy and cheap (in money) to perform 2.Societal disruption to open the way for a new society, may be the aim 3.Revenge may be the aim 4.Showing off may be the aim 5.A smart design of building (services) may decrease terrorist risks 6.Combating poverty as a long-term solution Modern terrorism will be with us for decades!

41 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 41 Anthrax Bioterrorism Fate of the Victim: 1.First symptoms after 12 Hours to 5 Days 2.Treatment only effective the first day 3.Skin infection: red-brown papule with pus and later a black crust; flu-like symptoms; few but some deaths 4.Food-borne infection: with 100% intact mucous membranes: no infection; damaged mucous membranes: alimentary canal and lymph nodes die off slowly, 100% mortality without timely treatment 5.Lung infection: lymph system dies off, later also heart and lungs, 100% mortality without timely treatment Anthrax spores may stay viable for decades!

42 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 42 The lesser risks Comfort Nuisance / Hindrance Stress

43 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 43 Comfort: Dutch  English I.Comfort II.Convenience III.Facilities Source: Van Dale Groot Woordenboek Nederlands-Engels. Utrecht, 1991

44 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 44 Discomfort = I.Absence of comfort; uneasiness; distress; inconvenience; hardship; perceived risks II.Anything causing this Comfort = I.Relief from pain, grief, distress, etc II.A state of ease and quiet enjoyment, free from worry, pain, etc III.A person or thing that comforts Source: Webster’s new twentieth century dictionary of the English Language. William Collins, 1979

45 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 45 Comfort on a Time Line a.Here and Now: short-term effects (classical comfort & security) b.Up to a high age: long-term effects (classical health & safety) Sustainable Comfort includes both

46 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 46 Environmental Discomfort or Stress Thermal Thermal Acoustic Acoustic Visual / Lighting Visual / Lighting Olfactory Olfactory Aesthetic Aesthetic Emotional Emotional Social Social Chronic and Acute Discomfort may lead to disease

47 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 47 Comfort & Health Comfortable in one category may bring discomfort in another Comfortable in one category may bring discomfort in another Comfort may be unhealthy Comfort may be unhealthy Discomfort may lead to disease Discomfort may lead to disease Health is more than comfort Health is more than comfort Improving Quality of Live  Increasing Comfort

48 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 48 Older Users Comfort Older persons have a reduced tolerance for thermal stress Older persons have a reduced tolerance for thermal stress Comfortable temperature: °C Comfortable temperature: °C Temperature constant in time and place, Temperature constant in time and place, then: Resistance to stress further reduced Comfort may be unhealthy

49 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 49 Which of these is Stress? a.Your mother dies b.You receive an extremely high mark for a course c.You sleep less than 8 hours / night d.You improve the finishing of your residence e.Your best friend and his/her partner come to stay at your house for a week f.You experience a chronic allergy g.You go on vacation h.You move to a better residence Source:

50 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 50 Stress Scaling for preceding 12 months 100Your mother died 25You received an extremely high mark for a course 25You received an extremely high mark for a course 25You slept less than 8 hours / night 25You slept less than 8 hours / night 20You improved the finishing of your residence 20You improved the finishing of your residence 20Your best friend and his/her partner came to stay at your house for a week 20Your best friend and his/her partner came to stay at your house for a week 20You experienced a chronic allergy 20You experienced a chronic allergy 15You moved to a better residence 15You moved to a better residence 10You went on vacation 10You went on vacation Source:

51 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 51 Overstress or Chronic Stress or Chronic Stress is a health risk …… Source:

52 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 52 Overstress or Chronic Stress in preceding 12 months Brain: fatigue, aches and pains, crying spells, depression, anxiety attacks, sleep disturbance Gastrointestinal tract: ulcer, cramps and diarrhea, colitis, irritable bowel Glandular system: thyroid gland malfunction Cardiovascular system: high blood pressure, heart attack, abnormal heart beat, stroke Skin: itchy skin rashes Immune system: decreased resistance to infections and neoplasms Source:

53 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 53 Comfort & Health Comfortable in one category may bring discomfort in another Comfortable in one category may bring discomfort in another Comfort may be unhealthy Comfort may be unhealthy Discomfort may lead to disease Discomfort may lead to disease Health is more than comfort Health is more than comfort Limited applicability of Comfort Models Limited applicability of Comfort Models Improving Quality of Live = Towards a Total Comfort Model

54 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 54 Disease = Morbus Built environment related are some: -infections; -allergies; -neoplasms (cancers); and -psychiatric disorders

55 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 55 Our Strategy is: Sustainable Comfort = Health = 1.Reducing of (perceived) health risks (Safety, Security, Comfort) 2.Health support 3.Extending healthy, vital and productive years

56 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 56 Segovia Aqueduct Source: ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA;

57 Health & Comfort September 9, 2005JEMH van Bronswijk, TU/e, Eindhoven 57 Vertigo Building Outdoor: Aesthetically comfortable façade from the outside Indoor: Stripe-induced visual discomfort associated with a decrease in reading speed, illusions, headache, epileptic fits Frequency: 82% of migraine sufferers 6% of others Comfort in one category may bring discomfort in another Source: Source: A Wilkins et al Brain 107(4): ; DA Marcus, MJ Soso Arch Neurol 46(10): ; A Wilkins, C Neary Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 11(2): ; E. Conlon et al Perception 27(1):21-33


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