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"Genetisch Gewijzigde Organismen in relatie tot de voedselvoorziening in 't algemeen, en in 't bijzonder in ontwikkelingslanden” Discussie Forum 28 Januari.

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Presentatie over: ""Genetisch Gewijzigde Organismen in relatie tot de voedselvoorziening in 't algemeen, en in 't bijzonder in ontwikkelingslanden” Discussie Forum 28 Januari."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 "Genetisch Gewijzigde Organismen in relatie tot de voedselvoorziening in 't algemeen, en in 't bijzonder in ontwikkelingslanden” Discussie Forum 28 Januari 2010, Leuven Piet van der Meer Moderator

2 Introduction  Historische context en introductie van de sprekers  11.00: Prof. Marc van Montagu  11.30: Dr. Vera Dua  12.00: Korte pauze  12.10: Algemene discussie  12.55: sluiting

3 Historical context years ago man changed from hunting animals and gathering plants in the wild, to keeping animals and growing plants – agriculture was born. For thousands of years, man has selected and crossed animals and plants that had characteristics they liked, such as better taste or more yield. In this process, humans have dramatically changed the animals and plants they originally found in nature.

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6 Historical context For thousands of years, cross breeding was ‘trial and error’ 19th century: Gregor Mendel discovered the rules of inheritance. Early 20 th century: discovery of hybrids Early 20th century: discovery of inducing mutations by radiation and chemicals.

7 Historical context While cross breeding and induced mutation are important tools of plant breeding, they also have limitations: 1.Cross breeding only works between related plants. 2.For some species cross breeding is extremely difficult. 3.Cross breeding can take very long. 4.Not only the desired genes are crossed over 5.Mutation is undirected and unpredictable

8 Historical context Scientific developments in the 20 th century to overcome these limitations:  Discovery of ‘genes’ and of the building blocks - DNA.  Discovery of genetic modification - identify a specific gene - isolate that gene, - transfer genes into plant cells

9 Genetic Modification of Plants Traditional plant breeding x “elite” variety Related variety Genetic Modification  any gene source

10 Genetic Modification of Plants Differences compared to conventional breeding: Specific Faster Possible with plants that do not cross sexually Much greater reservoir of genes

11 Genetic Modification Society has two questions for any new technology: Can it be useful? Is it safe?

12 De Sprekers Prof. Marc van Montagu Dr. ir. Vera Dua

13 Em. Prof. Marc van Montagu Co-discovered DNA transformation of plants and the molecular basis of several plant physiological processes. Among the 10 most cited scientists in Plant & Animal Science Institute of Plant Biotechnology for Developing Countries Received the title of Baron for his scientific accomplishments Member of several academies of science, and holder of numerous Doctor Honoris Causa degrees. President of the European Federation of Biotechnology (EFB), and of the Public Research Responsibility Initiative (PRRI).

14 Dr. ir. Vera Dua Doctor in de landbouwwetenschappen Verleden als wetenschappelijk medewerker + ambtenaar leefmilieuadministratie 19 jaar nationale politieke voor een groene partij in diverse parlementen 4 jaar Vlaams Minister van Leefmilieu en Landbouw Altijd het thema landbouw politiek van dichtbij opgevolgd Momenteel actief in Terra Reversa, een sociaal-ecologische denktank

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