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Predicting boundaries from ToDI transcriptions Carlos Gussenhoven Radboud University Nijmegen and Queen Mary, University of London PaPI 2007, Braga Workshop.

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Presentatie over: "Predicting boundaries from ToDI transcriptions Carlos Gussenhoven Radboud University Nijmegen and Queen Mary, University of London PaPI 2007, Braga Workshop."— Transcript van de presentatie:

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2 Predicting boundaries from ToDI transcriptions Carlos Gussenhoven Radboud University Nijmegen and Queen Mary, University of London PaPI 2007, Braga Workshop Transcription of Intonation in the Ibero-Romance Languages

3 Arguments for ToDI Carlos Gussenhoven Radboud University Nijmegen Seminar on Prosody 1 June 2007, Nijmegen Nederlandse Vereniging voor Fonetische Wetenschappen

4 Transcription system Represents a phonological analysis Draws on a theory of phonetics-phonology ToBI: American English; theory is Pierrehumbert 1980, aka AM-model, after Ladd 1996 Other examples: Post (2000), ToDI

5 French (Post 2000) %H H*(L) 0 (H+)H* H% L%L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H ___ (phonological) 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 = 24 two-accent contours (-2, (H+)H*H% neutralization)

6 Au clair de la lune %L H* H* L% %H H* H* L% (= %H !H* !H* L%) %L H* L H* % %L H* L H* L% %L H* L H* H% %L H* H* H% %L H* H* %

7 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional)

8 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) Optional final boundary tone Downstep morphemic L-Prefix Tritonal H*LH Allophonic alignment of trailing tones

9 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) L-Prefix

10 En je hebt nog wel zo'n prachtige tekening gemaakt %L H*L L% En je hebt nog wel zo'n prachtige tekening gemaakt %L LH*L L% L-Prefix

11 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) L-Prefix Allophonic alignment of trailing tones

12 Allophonic alignment of trailing tones I Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L H*LL% %L H*L L% Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L H*L H*L L%

13 Allophonic alignment of trailing tones II Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L L*H %L L*H H% Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L L*H L*H H%

14 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) Optional final boundary tone L-Prefix Allophonic alignment of railing tones

15 Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt %L H*L L% %L H* L% Optional final boundary tone Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt %L H*L % %L H* % Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt Je hebt 'n tekening gemaakt %L H*L H% %L H* H%

16 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) Optional final boundary tone L-Prefix Tritonal H*LH Allophonic alignment of trailing tones

17 Maar ik heb NIET gezegd dat we niet toemoeten naar herverdeling van ARbeid %L H*LH H*L L% %L H*L H% %L H*L L% %L H*L H*L L% Tritonal H*LH

18 ToDI %H (L)H*(L(H)) (H+)(L)H*(L) H% %L L*(H) 0 L* (H) L% % Downstep H* →[!H*] / H... ___ (optional) Optional final boundary tone Downstep morphemic L-Prefix Allophonic alignment of trailing tones

19 Lack of downstep for every downstep I Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L *H H*L L% Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L *H !H*L L%

20 Lack of downstep for every downstep II Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L L*H H*L L% Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L L*H !H*L L%

21 Identification experiment Semantic task: meaning A or B? The results should indicate the structure Regularities intonation – structure?

22 Adjective or Modal Adverb? Ze zit VAST met dat ding op de SNELweg (a) ‘She has got stuck with that vehicle on the motorway’ (b)‘She must be on the motorway with the vehicle’ vast ‘stuck’ ‘surely’

23 Adjective or Modal Adverb? Hij zit alLEEN in het caFÉ (a) ‘He is alone in the pub’ (b) ‘The thing is, he’s in the pub’ alleen ‘alone’ ‘however’

24 Adverb or Modal Adverb? Doe maar geWOON zoals WILlem (a) ‘Act normally, like William’ (b) ‘Simply act like William’ gewoon‘normal’ ‘simply’

25 Lexical vs Modal Lexical has a boundary, and... pitch accent are identical

26 Boundary

27 Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L H*LL% %L H*L L% Amsterdam is de hoofdstad van Nederland %L H*L H*L L% %L H*LH% %L H*L H% %L H*LH H*L H% %L L*H % %L L*H H% %L L*H L*H H%

28 ToBI vs ToDI %L H*L % %L H*L L% % L+H* L- % L+H* L- L% H*L % %H H* L- H* % % L+H* L-

29 Female speaker Hij zit alleen (met die man) in ’t café Doe maar gewoon (hier) zoals Willem Ze zit vast (met dat ding) op de snelweg 11 contours (Praat, f0 manipulation) 5-point scale Mirror image orders for stimuli and scales

30 zonder anderen in ’t café [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] slechts in ’t café repeated stimulus presentation

31 More modal meaning without boundary. 6 listeners; sentence length pooled

32 Boundary. Less modal meaning when pitch accents are not identical.

33 % H* L- H* L- L% Other ToBI problems

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