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Grammar – Part 1 – the Present.  Recapitulation:  Present Simple – Tegenwoordige tijd -> vorm: I work/he works.  Examples:  ‘We often go out for a.

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Presentatie over: "Grammar – Part 1 – the Present.  Recapitulation:  Present Simple – Tegenwoordige tijd -> vorm: I work/he works.  Examples:  ‘We often go out for a."— Transcript van de presentatie:

1 Grammar – Part 1 – the Present

2  Recapitulation:  Present Simple – Tegenwoordige tijd -> vorm: I work/he works.  Examples:  ‘We often go out for a drink’  ‘A submarine sails under water’  Vorm: hele werkwoord [I go] maar bij de 3e persoon: hele werkwoord + (e)s [he/she/it goes]  In vraagzinnen en ontkennende zinnen ‘do’ en ‘does’

3  John sometimes sends an  Key Words Present Simple!  Adverbs of frequency:  - always  - usually / normally  - often  -sometimes  - hardly ever / rarely  - never  * Gebruik:  - bij gewoonten/hobby’s  - bij feiten  - bij verwijzingen naar de toekomst -> wanneer er sprake is van een  programma/vast tijdschema (‘the train leaves at 3 p.m.’ – ‘the match  starts at 8 o’clock’

4  Present Continuous – tegenwoordige tijd -> I am working/he is working  *Examples:  - ‘They are listening to a new song’  - ‘Look! The sun is shining!’  - ‘Are you doing your homework?’  Vorm:  Am, is, are + ing-vorm  Bij vragende vorm en ontkennende vorm am, is, are + not + ing-vorm (omdat ‘to be’ functioneert als een hulpwerkwoord en dus niet nog eens ‘do’ als hulpwerkwoord nodig heeft).

5  John is writing an now  Keywords Present Continuous: now, at the moment, this morning, this week, this year, today, etc.  *Gebruik:  - als iets op dit moment gebeurd  - als iets nu/vandaag gebeurd wat anders niet zo is (‘John is studying today -> he normally never studies’)  -als iets nog niet beeindigd is/tijdelijk is -> ‘I am living with my parents’ – tijdelijk, bijvoorbeeld tot ik mijn eigen huis koop. Of: ‘I am doing a computer course’ -> tijdelijk, want de curcus is bijvoorbeeld van november tot maart.  -bij trends en veranderingen -> ‘I am walking to school this week’ -> tijdelijk, omdat mijn fiets kapot is.

6  NOTA BENE!  De volgende werkwoorden, de zogenaamde ‘state verbs’, worden NIET gebruikt in de Present Continuous maar in de Present Simple!  Dit zijn: -Verbs of possession – to own, to have, to belong. (Although you can say "I am having a party", it doesn't mean you own the party, it means you are hosting a party.) ‘ I have a motorbike’ and NOT ‘ I’m not having a motorbike’.  -Verbs of the mind – believe, understand, know, think (betekenis: mening), forget. ‘I am thinking’ does occur but it means that you’re thinking about something at that moment and it does not refer to a general opinion.  -Verbs of emotion – love, hate, detest, like, etc.  -Verbs of the senses – see, hear, smell, taste. "I'm seeing the doctor tomorrow" is possible but it means I am going to visit the doctor and does not refer to your sight, but "I see the doctor" means the doctor is standing in front of you.)  -Verbs of geographical location – lie. ("London lies on the River Thames".)

7  1. Blackbirds (build) their own nests. They (not use) the nests of other birds.  2. You can see Annie later: she (wash) her hair now.  3. He often (drink) wine, but today he (drink) beer.  4. What (do/she) usually at weekends?  5. She sometimes (talk) so quietly that I (not understand) her.  6. Susan (bake) bread at the moment. She (bake) all her own bread.

8  7. I’m afraid I’ve broken your mirror. Don’t worry. I …………….. (not like) looking at myself anyway!  8. I ………….. (wear) my gloves today because it’s so cold.  9. Tom can’t have the magazine now, because his mother …………… (read) it.  10. He’s busy at the moment. He ………….. (redecorate) the bathroom.  11. You ………. (watch) that film or can I turn it off now? I ……………. (watch) the film. And yes, I ……… (want) to watch it to the end.

9  ______ you speak Italian?  I ______ waiting for a taxi  No thank you. I ______ smoke.  Where ______ you come from?  John ______ coming in a few minutes.  How much ______ this cost?  ______ Sarah eat meat?  ______ Jack coming to the meeting?  I ______ agree.  I ______ like to drive in town.  How long ______ I have to do this job?  He lives in London but he ______ like it very much.  I ______ not going. I'm too tired.  What ______ you do for a living?  How ______ you do?  What on earth ______ he doing?  Hurry up. The train ______ coming.  I ______ understand. Could you say that again?  This exercise ______ driving me crazy.


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